Sea politics – Geopolitics of the Sea

A research program exclusively dedicated to the study of sea geopolitics responds to the need felt within the Institute to dedicate specific investigative space to themes considered centrally important for Italian national interest.

Located in the center of the Mediterranean, with nearly 8,000 km of coastline, the Italian peninsula represents a central and gravitational element of the maritime transport system, constituting a privileged collector of flows passing through the Straits of Gibraltar, Suez, and the Dardanelles.

Italy’s maritime interests, an expression of its geographical location as a junction point between the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean, and the Black Sea, have shaped its history and built its economic development, profoundly influencing the cultural dynamics of its society.

The sea represents over 3% of Italy’s economy, worth almost 50 billion euros, thus constituting a priority element of development and growth. Furthermore, the Blue Economy is increasingly developing within an integrated matrix with the directions of European continental land transport, becoming an integral and fundamental part of it.

However, the sea also represents Italy’s frontier, as a space for cooperation and development but also as a security element, where the country is called upon to play an increasingly important role in protecting the interests of the community and ensuring the global security of maritime traffic.

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